The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.), commonly known as the Soviet Union, or Russia, was a communist state in Eastern Europe and Asia, consisting of 15 Soviet republics. The country fought on the side of the Allies in World War II. In the Fallout universe, the USSR did not dissolve in 1991, and continued to exist well into the 21st century, due to the divergence. This also leaves many of the country's affairs between 1945 and the Resource Wars period a mystery.
The Soviet Union had a consular service and a foreign service, and had strong consular relations with the United States. There was a Soviet consulate in Los Angeles (the one Natalia's grandfather worked at), suggesting that Soviet-American relations were good enough in 2077 that American and Soviet citizens were able to visit each other's countries. However, some citizens were still wary of the Soviet Union.
During the Resource Wars, the Soviet Union was in no direct conflict with the United States. It is unknown what role they played in the Great War, although both sides were still wary of one another, keeping guard for a possible attack.  It is also not known when China overtook the USSR as the main advesary of the United States. The rise of China could also have led to closer ties between the US and the USSR.
- The Soviet Union is mentioned in the biography of Natalia, one of the pre-made characters in Fallout, whose grandfather was a Soviet diplomat at the USSR's Los Angeles consulate.
- The Molotov cocktail is named after the Soviet foreign minister Vyacheslav Molotov.
- In Fallout 3, the Museum of Technology states that the Soviet Union, along with China, "constantly refuted" the American claim that they put the first man into space in 1961.
- Music by Ukrainian Jack Shaindlin is played on Galaxy News Radio in Fallout 3.
- Vladimir Lenin, the founder of the Soviet Union who attempted to transition Russia into Communism, is mentioned briefly by the character No-bark Noonan in Fallout: New Vegas.
|The following is based on Fallout Tactics and some details might contradict canon.|
- The AK47 and RPG-7, a Soviet-designed assault rifle and rocket launcher, respectively, are common weapons in Fallout Tactics.
- The wreckage of the Soviet space station Mir appears as an Easter egg in a special encounter.
|The following is based on Fallout Extreme and has not been confirmed by canon sources.|
- In the canceled Fallout Extreme, the main characters would actually visit Russia on their way to China.
- In The Armageddon Rag, Vol. 4, Crazy Ivan is from the USSR.
- In Fallout 4 the cover of an issue of Astoundingly Awesome Tales depicts a "crazy Russian" riding on a bear.
The Sovet Union is mentioned in Fallout, Fallout 3, and The Armageddon Rag, and is referenced in Fallout: New Vegas and its add-on Lonesome Road and Fallout Tactics, and was to appear in the canceled Fallout Extreme.
When R. Scott Campbell was asked why China was the U.S. enemy and not the Soviet Union, he answered that it was because he heard the Russian mob firing their guns in the street while he was telephoning a Muscovite. After that, he had a difficult time believing that the U.S.S.R. would be in a position to threaten the world any time soon.
- ↑ A diplomat from the Soviet Consulate in Los Angeles was able to secure a place in Vault 13 and Natalia, one of the Fallout 1 pre-made characters, was the diplomat's grandchild
- ↑ In the Helios One terminal entry "Can I Tell Him?" urging complete secrecy, A hypothetical situation is presented that results in the USSR acquiring national secrets, with "Ivan Bullykov will get more than lunch money out of your kids. He'll have national secrets! And while they're parading him through Red Square as a national hero, your children will be working in forced labor camps, right next to you and your beautiful young wife".
- ↑ Wastewater treatment plant terminal entries: Devlin - "Answer me this, Specialist Buttinski: if the American people are overrun by Kremlin Joe and his Chicom cronies, what good will clean drinking water be?"
- ↑ In line with Marxism, communism has never been implemented because for communism to exist the state must be dissolved and be proceeded by a worldwide socialist phase, the U.S.S.R. was in fact a state socialist system, a so called "dictatorship of proletariat".
- ↑ The nuclear Armageddon in the back-story was between the US and China. After shipping several people asked me why China and not the old standby, the Soviet Union. I made the choice when I remembered experiences with Oleg, a Moscow developer I worked with months before when I was assistant-producing a typing game. Once, in the middle of a phone conversation, I heard some muffled bangs, and the phone went quiet. When I asked him what the noise was, he replied, “Oh, it was just the Russian mob firing their guns in the street.” I thought he was joking – he wasn’t. After that, I had a really hard time believing that the once mighty USSR would be in a position to threaten the world any time soon. So I turned to the next major communist country that typifies “the East”: China.