| ||This is an overview article which contains background information and cross-game comparisons. For game-specific information and stats, see the articles linked on the right.|
Gauss rifles are hand-held weapons utilizing electromagnetic coils to propel metal slugs at extremely high velocities.
The Gauss rifle, also called a "coil gun," is a device used to propel a ferromagnetic projectile by accelerating it through a process of electromagnetic induction. The Gauss rifle (and Gauss gun) are named after German mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss, who formulated mathematical descriptions of the magnetic effect demonstrated by magnetic accelerators.
M72 Gauss rifleEdit
The M72 rifle is of German design. It uses an electromagnetic field to propel rounds at tremendous speed... and pierce almost any obstacle. Its range, accuracy, and stopping power are almost unparalleled.
Scoped Gauss rifleEdit
The scoped Gauss rifle is an advanced sniper rifle used during the invasion of Alaska. Unlike the M72 Gauss rifle, which uses 2mm EC magazines containing both batteries and ammunition, this gun requires the user to load in the microfusion cells needed to energize and magnetize each pre-loaded standard round contained in the magazine that is attached to the side of the weapon. Each round produces a small "explosion" on impact, dealing minor splash damage as well as a knock-back/stun effect on the enemy (or enemies) for a short period of time.
- For other versions in Fallout Shelter, see Rusty Gauss rifle, Enhanced Gauss rifle, Hardened Gauss rifle, Accelerated Gauss rifle
- For the unique version in Fallout Shelter, see Magnetron 4000
The YCS/186 is a unique version of the scoped Gauss rifle. In 2281, it is found in the hands of a group of mercenaries. Its appearance is similar to the scoped Gauss rifle but rustier and with an additional 4 coils around the barrel. It requires fewer microfusion cells per shot, is more accurate, and causes greater damage than the normal variant found in the Mojave Wasteland.
Enhanced Gauss rifleEdit
|The following is based on Fallout Extreme and has not been confirmed by canon sources.|
An enhanced version of the M72 model.
Beta Gauss rifleEdit
|The following is based on Fallout 3 cut content and has not been confirmed by canon sources.|
The Beta Gauss rifle is a beta version of the Scoped Gauss rifle that uses the model of a laser rifle and features a five round magazine. It only does about 25% of the damage of the final version, but has a 100% knock-down chance. It is only obtainable through console commands.
Gauss rifle (Fallout 4)Edit
The Gauss rifle appears to be a crude prototype weapon. Capacitors and exposed copper wiring run alongside the barrel, and a nixie tube display above the stock gives the weapon's charge percentage. The rifle operates on a charging principle: the user holds down the trigger to build up the charge, and releasing the trigger fires a round, but even without charging it is still able to inflict significant damage.
The rifle, like the M72 Gauss rifle, uses 2mm EC rounds as ammunition, which is fed through a dorsal mounted cylindrical magazine. When fired, its projectile produces a momentary blue trail, similar to a lightning bolt.
It can also be modded with a shielded barrel, extra capacitors, a compensator or suppressor, and various sights and scopes. With the right mods and perks, the Gauss rifle can inflict the most damage per-shot of any gun-type weapon in Fallout 4, including the .50 hunting rifle. It is used more frequently by Railroad Heavy soldiers.
- ↑ In-game description of the Gauss rifle in Fallout 2 and Fallout Tactics. 
- ↑ Emil Pagliarulo in the Bethesda Game Studios forum  - "The gun energizes and magnetizes a standard projectile round; those are already pre-loaded into the weapon, and are in that giant clip attached to the side of the weapon. The player loads in the Micro Fusion Cells needed to energize/magnetize each round. We did it this way because we knew we wanted to have an Energy Weapon equivalent of the sniper rifle..."